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Re: cygwin/regex is non-POSIX

> * Yitzchak Scott-Thoennes <> [2004-01-17 21:04:50 -0800]:
> On Thu, Jan 15, 2004 at 03:14:57PM -0500, Sam Steingold <> wrote:
>> the cygwin regex is not POSIX.
>> backrefs are not available by default (apparently you need REG_BACKR for
>> that), "(a|)*" cannot be compiled because of "empty (sub)expression",
>> &c &c.
> SUSv3 says:
>   A vertical-line appearing first or last in an ERE, or immediately
>   following a vertical-line or a left-parenthesis, or immediately
>   preceding a right-parenthesis, produces undefined results.

Thanks, you are right, complaint is withdrawn.

> Also, it says backrefs part of basic regular expressions but not
> exteneded ones.  From your mention of | I assume you are using
> REG_EXTENDED.  If REG_EXTENDED|REG_BACKR allows backrefs, it doesn't
> appear to be documented.

I am not sure what you mean here.  I would like to interpret your words
as follows, so that I can agree with you:
does not mention REG_BACKR, so it's mere presence can probably be
contrued as a violation of the standard (unless it is enabled whenever
REG_EXTENDED is).  REG_BACKR is also not mentioned in "man regex", so
it is not documented.  Right?

Now, whether I add REG_BACKR to cflags (together with REG_EXTENDED) or
eflags, I do not get back references: "^(x)+\\1$" does not match "xx"
(should be "xx" for whole and "x" for the group).

Finally, a common extension appears to be the use or "?" after a
repetition specification to mean non-greedy matching, e.g.
"a+?" will match only the first "a" in "aaaa".

Sam Steingold ( running w2k
<> <> <>
<> <>
When C++ is your hammer, everything looks like a thumb.

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