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Re: No etc/passwd (was) Re: (everything!) command not found

in cygwin, if I go to /etc there is no passwd. I'm definitely in cygwin. My prompt is bash-3.2$
Oh, and there's no profile in /etc either. (or a .bash_profile, for that matter). Should that have been created automatically?

So it's pretty clear I did something fundamentally wrong in setup? Any idea what?
I basically went to the cygwin page, picked "install now", downloaded setup.exe,
right-clicked on it and chose "run as administrator", then ran it, picked to install perl,
python, devel, the vim editor, and x11, and then let'er rip. I tried it without running
as administrator, but that didn't work any better and left me with all the files being
read only.


Mark J. Reed wrote:
No /etc/passwd file at all?  You're looking from bash, not from
Windows, right? From Windows it'd be C:\Cygwin\etc\passwd...

This sounds like something went wrong during the installation.  You
can generate the default passwd file like so:

mkpasswd -l >/etc/passwd

But if your prompt is "c:\cygwin" then that sounds like you're not in bash at all, but still in the Windows shell (cmd.exe or

On Sun, Aug 16, 2009 at 11:44 AM, DY wrote:
Or maybe the problem is the profile.

OK, totally different. The password file identifies the users who exist on the system and the location of their home directory. The profile is a set of bash commands to run automatically when you log in. The only connection is that your home directory is used to find your personal profile files.

After a bit of searching, I found the profile in /etc/defaults/etc,
but I don't know how to edit it properly to make the above happen.

/etc/defaults/etc/profile is not used by anything; that's just a copy of the default file that goes into /etc/profile. What actually gets run is /etc/profile. But the way to set things up for your account is to make a .profile (or .bash_profile, if you'll always be using bash) in your home directory.

To set the prompt you need to set the PS1 variable.

But again, make sure you're actually running bash!

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