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Re: Why you can't load ws2_32.dll (was Re: Can't use key authentication on x64 Server 2003 R2)
Thank you for the quick and comprehensive response!? When
troubleshooting Windows, I feel like I have blinders on.? Thanks for
opening my eyes.
I will give this technique a try.
On Fri, Jan 8, 2010 at 9:59 AM, Corinna Vinschen
> > linux$ ssh user@host1-w2k3 pwd
> > ? ? ?20 [main] sshd 244 D:\cygwin-1.7\usr\sbin\sshd.exe: *** fatal
> > error - could not load user32, Win32 error 1114
> I can't reproduce this one, but I can reproduce the other problem
> with pubkey authentication reported ?in this thread:
> ? # ssh foo@bar
> ? Last login: [...]
> ? ? ? ? ?1 [main] -bash 6832 C:\cygwin\bin\bash.exe: *** fatal error -
> ? couldn't dynamically determine load address for 'WSAGetLastError'
> ? (handle 0xFFFFFFFF), Win32 error 126
> ? Connection to bar closed.
> The problem is this:
> If you're running in a domain, then the account running the sshd service
> must be a member of the domain as well. ?Instead of creating a local
> cyg_server account, you must create a domain account called cyg_server
> with the specific rights required to create a user token, add it to the
> /etc/passwd file of the machine on which you want to install sshd, and
> *then* run ssh-host-config on that machine.
> If you did that, the ssh-host-config script will note that such an
> account exists in /etc/passwd and will offer to use that account for the
> sshd service.
> Ok, back to square one. ?Assume you're using a local cyg_server account,
> and you're using the default method of switching the user context
> without password according to Method 1(*). ?That means, Cygwin has to
> create a user token from scratch.
> Now you try to ssh into the machine with a domain account. ?cyg_server
> is a local machine account. ?Thus it is not known to the DC. ?However,
> the incoming ssh connection requests a logon for a domain account.
> To be able to create a matching user token, sshd has to access the DC
> and fetch the user information for that account. ?But the DC doesn't
> know the cyg_server account under which the calling process is running,
> so it refuses to deliver the information for security reasons.
> So cyg_server gets no information about that account. ?It has to fall
> back to the information in /etc/passwd and /etc/group. ?From that it
> constructs a crippled user token which only contains the SID of the user
> and the SID of the primary group, plus the well-known SIDs for the LOCAL
> and the INTERACTIVE group.
> Now let's have a look into the default permissions of ws2_32.dll on
> a Windows Server 2003:
> ?$ cacls C:/WINDOWS/system32/ws2_32.dll
> ?C:\WINDOWS\system32\ws2_32.dll BUILTIN\Users:R
> ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? BUILTIN\Power Users:R
> ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? BUILTIN\Administrators:F
> ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:F
> Oh, too bad. ?None of these groups is in the user token of the just
> logged on user. ?Bingo.
> So, bottom line is, the most important thing to keep in mind is that you
> must use a domain cyg_server account to run sshd under, to be able to
> correctly log on with domain accounts using password-less logon Method 1(*).
> Additionally you have to create a domain policy so that the special
> permissions required to create a user token(*) are propagated to the
> machines which are supposed to run sshd. ?Fortunately, since that's how
> domains work, you only have to do this once on the DC.
> Nevertheless, having said that, I'm wondering if we should always add
> the local BUILTIN\Users group to a user token, if we failed to fetch the
> user information from the DC...
> (*) http://cygwin.com/cygwin-ug-net/ntsec.html#ntsec-nopasswd1
> Corinna Vinschen ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?Please, send mails regarding Cygwin to
> Cygwin Project Co-Leader ? ? ? ? ?cygwin AT cygwin DOT com
> Red Hat
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