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Re: gcc: building gcc-4.5.0 for Cygwin

Paul Bibbings wrote:
Whilst I do use the versions of gcc available as Cygwin packages, I have
also successfully built from source and used other versions.  Most
recently I have added gcc-4.4.1, 4.4.3 and a 4.5.0 snapshot (end of Feb
2010).  I configure them to build and install in /opt/gcc-{version}. I
then incorporate these into the `alternatives' system and switch using
$alternatives --config gcc/g++ etc.

This has worked fine in the past, but with the recent release of
gcc-4.5.0 I have encountered a problem:

17:59:37 Paul Bibbings@JIJOU
/cygdrive/d/CPPProjects/Emacs/CPP0x $gcc -v
Using built-in specs.
=/opt/gcc-4.5.0/libexec/gcc/i686-pc-cygwin/4.5.0/lto-wrapper.exe Target: i686-pc-cygwin
Configured with: ./configure --prefix=/opt/gcc-4.5.0
--enable-bootstrap --enable-version-specific-runtime-libs
--enable-static --enable-shared --enable-shared-libgcc
--disable-__cxa_atexit --with-gnu-ld --with-gnu-as --with-dwarf2
--disable-sjlj-exceptions --enable-languages=c,c++ --disable-symvers
--enable-libgomp --enable-libssp --enable-threads=posix
--with-arch=i686 --with-tune=generic Thread model: posix
gcc version 4.5.0 (GCC)

Unlike with my builds for gcc-4.4.1 and 4.4.3, say, this build has
dropped a string of .dlls into /opt/gcc-4.5.0/bin:

  17:59:41 Paul Bibbings@JIJOU
  /cygdrive/d/CPPProjects/Emacs/CPP0x $ls -l /opt/gcc-4.5.0/bin
  total 11320
  -rwxr-xr-x 4 ...  604046 Apr 15 09:04 c++.exe
  -rwxr-xr-x 1 ...  602030 Apr 15 09:04 cpp.exe
  -rwxr-xr-x 1 ...  437743 Apr 15 09:08 cyggcc_s-1.dll
  -rwxr-xr-x 1 ...  271146 Apr 15 09:08 cyggomp-1.dll
  -rwxr-xr-x 1 ...   55679 Apr 15 09:08 cygssp-0.dll
  -rwxr-xr-x 1 ... 5829289 Apr 15 09:07 cygstdc++-6.dll
  -rwxr-xr-x 4 ...  604046 Apr 15 09:04 g++.exe
  -rwxr-xr-x 3 ...  599400 Apr 15 09:05 gcc.exe
  -rwxr-xr-x 1 ...   16117 Apr 15 09:04 gccbug
  -rwxr-xr-x 1 ...  136186 Apr 15 09:04 gcov.exe
  -rwxr-xr-x 4 ...  604046 Apr 15 09:04 i686-pc-cygwin-c++.exe
  -rwxr-xr-x 4 ...  604046 Apr 15 09:04 i686-pc-cygwin-g++.exe
  -rwxr-xr-x 3 ...  599400 Apr 15 09:05 i686-pc-cygwin-gcc.exe
  -rwxr-xr-x 3 ...  599400 Apr 15 09:05 i686-pc-cygwin-gcc-4.5.0.exe

This now means that there are path issues for running applications built
with gcc-4.5.0 and there are certainly entry point failures:

   19:19:14 Paul Bibbings@JIJOU
   /cygdrive/d/CPPProjects/Emacs/CPP0x $cygcheck bin/CPP0x
   D:\CPPProjects\Emacs\CPP0x\bin\CPP0x.exe // built: gcc-4.5.0
     C:\cygwin\bin\cyggcc_s-1.dll           // wrong dll
   C:\cygwin\bin\cygstdc++-6.dll            // wrong dll

   gdb: unknown target exception 0xc0000139 at 0x77d69eed
   During startup program exited with code 0xc0000139.

if the runtime sees the corresponding .dlls in /usr/bin first.
Prepending /opt/gcc-4.5.0/bin to the PATH get's round this, of course.
But now it's not as simple for my alternatives configuration: it works
for the build, but now it looks like I might need to control the runtime

My thought is to investigate incorporating the relevant .dlls into the
alternatives system, but before doing that I'd like to check out if
this sounds feasible.  Currently I have symlinks in /usr/bin for things
like gcc and g++, with:

   /usr/bin/gcc -> /etc/alternatives/gcc
   /usr/bin/g++ -> /etc/alternatives/g++

and then:

   /etc/alternatives/gcc -> /opt/gcc-4.5.0/bin/gcc.exe
   /etc/alternatives/g++ -> /opt/gcc-4.5.0/bin/g++.exe

Can I, then, do the same with the .dlls in question?  Is it possible,
for instance, for .dlls to be loadable via symlinks under Cygwin? E.g:

/usr/bin/cygstdc++-6.dll -> /etc/alternatives/cygstdc++-6.dll

   /etc/alternatives/cygstdc++-6.dll ->
   [after $alternatives --config gcc, selecting gcc-4.5.0]

Or are there other options to consider?  My aim is to be able to
continue to switch between implementations using `alternatives' alone,
if that is at all possible, and to not have to think about changing and
reverting paths.

Have I perhaps configured/built this incorrectly?

I have not had any problems building with Cygwin 1.7 on WinNT or Win7. You do have to make sure you have the mpc complex math library installed. Other than that I have had no problems.


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