[ANNOUNCEMENT] Updated: libreadline7-7.0.3-3

Eric Blake eblake@redhat.com
Thu Jul 27 21:39:00 GMT 2017

On 07/27/2017 12:08 PM, Eric Blake wrote:

> So I'm back to cmd to try and debug things.  Next, I tried:
> c:\cygwin\bin> .\dash
> <alt-num2-num3-num4>
> and again got Ω; pressing <enter> complains that ./dash: 1: Ω: not found

To double check things, I started .\dash, typed 'echo $$', then in a
second terminal, typed 'gdb --pid XXX' with the dash pid.

(gdb) b read
(gdb) b select
(gdb) c

then in the first window, typed <a><enter> to get dash back to its input

and the second window hit a breakpoint in read.  But that didn't get me
very far:

Thread 1 hit Breakpoint 1, read (fd=0, ptr=0x41b540 <basebuf>, len=1024)
    at /usr/src/debug/cygwin-2.8.2-1/winsup/cygwin/syscalls.cc:1118
1118    {
(gdb) fin
Run till exit from #0  read (fd=0, ptr=0x41b540 <basebuf>, len=1024)
    at /usr/src/debug/cygwin-2.8.2-1/winsup/cygwin/syscalls.cc:1118
[New Thread 628.0x70c]

readline: readline_callback_read_char() called with no handler!
Aborted (core dumped)

Urgh - gdb uses readline, so debugging readline with gdb may prove
harder than planned if I don't time things right.  A second time around,
and instead of using fin, I stepped through:

1118   {
(gdb) n
(gdb) n
1139         cfd->read (ptr, len);
(gdb) n
[New Thread 736.0x960]

at the point of the new thread, I typed <alt-num2-num3-num4><enter> in
the first terminal, which let the read return, and the buffer contents
are correct:

1140         res = len;
(gdb) p len
$1 = 3
(gdb) p/x ((char*)ptr)[0]
$2 = 0xce
(gdb) p/x ((char*)ptr)[1]
$3 = 0xa9
(gdb) p ((char*)ptr)[2]
$4 = '\n'

so whatever dash did, it read a solid block of input from the terminal;
from there, I quit debugging - obviously dash is not doing things
piecemeal, and manages to replay the same output as it just read in
input (when you aren't trying hard to be interactive, life is easy).

> However, when I try:
> c:\cygwin\bin> .\bash --norc
> <alt-num2-num3-num4>
> the display shows :\251

Repeating the gdb attach trick, I'm able to catch bash at this
breakpoint, even without hitting <enter>, just by typing <a>:

Thread 1 hit Breakpoint 1, read (fd=0, ptr=0x28c013, len=1)
    at /usr/src/debug/cygwin-2.8.2-1/winsup/cygwin/syscalls.cc:1118

Notice a difference?  dash had the terminal set up in line-oriented
mode, and blindly reads until EOL or until len=1024 is exhausted; bash
has the terminal set up in byte-oriented mode, and is only reading len=1
at a time.  So when entering a UTF-8 character to dash, the whole
character lands in the buffer at once, while under bash (presumably, as
I haven't debugged that far yet), bash must reconstruct the Unicode
characters from the individual bytes.

Stepping through the breakpoints on <alt-num2-num3-num4> sees 0xce on
the first read, and 0xa9 on the second.  But, in between the two read
breakpoints, the first terminal displayed ':'.  So the input is still
making it correctly INTO readline; but being munged on the way to
output; and it very much looks like readline's fault rather than
cygwin's.  I'm still trying to put breakpoints in the right places (the
call stack at read() points to rl_getc(), from rl_read_key(), from
readline_internal_char()...), but this is at least to let you know how
I'm tackling the issue, in case it helps someone else spot a solution
faster than me by starting from the same information.

Eric Blake, Principal Software Engineer
Red Hat, Inc.           +1-919-301-3266
Virtualization:  qemu.org | libvirt.org

-------------- next part --------------
A non-text attachment was scrubbed...
Name: signature.asc
Type: application/pgp-signature
Size: 619 bytes
Desc: OpenPGP digital signature
URL: <http://cygwin.com/pipermail/cygwin/attachments/20170727/369c77a6/attachment.sig>

More information about the Cygwin mailing list